Garhwa is a largely agricultural district, with majority citizens engaging themselves in agriculture and allied activities. Most parts of the district are full of forests and stones. The cultivable land in the district can be divided into two parts namely – Upper land and Lower land. The lands situated on the banks of rivers are fertile and one can get good crop even after using lesser amount of fertilizers in these lands. But the upper land is barren and a huge amount of fertilizers and irrigation is required for cultivation in these lands. Rabi and Kharif crops are generally sown here.

Irrigation facility is not adequate in this district due to hilly terrain. However, there are small natural rivulets, which are generally used for irrigation and there is no other natural source of irrigation. Currently, percentage of irrigated area in the district stands at 14.0%, which is considerably below the national average. Wells, pump sets, and tanks are used for irrigation. The agriculture is predominantly rain-fed, and due to vagaries of monsoon, people face the problem of drinking water and irrigation during lean season.

Irrigated Area

Irrigated Area Description
Total Net Sown Area (ha) 110000
Net Irrigated area (ha) 32759
Percentage of irrigated area 14.0%
No. of Farmers(Ha) 155000
Avg. Land Holding(Ha) 0.17



Foodgrain Target Net Sown Area
Rice 54000 50969
Maize 27200 18684
Coarse Grain 1500 273
Pulses 41600 29820
Oil Seeds 7760 6931