Garhwa is a largely agricultural district, with majority citizens engaging themselves in agriculture and allied activities. Most parts of the district are full of forests and stones. The cultivable land in the district can be divided into two parts namely – Upper land and Lower land. The lands situated on the banks of rivers are fertile and one can get good crop even after using lesser amount of fertilizers in these lands. But the upper land is barren and a huge amount of fertilizers and irrigation is required for cultivation in these lands. Rabi and Kharif crops are generally sown here.

Irrigation facility is not adequate in this district due to hilly terrain. However, there are small natural rivulets, which are generally used for irrigation

Foodgrain( In Hectare)

Foodgrain Target Net Sown Area
Rice 55000 43746
Maize 27200 18416
Pulses 44800 24458
Oil Seeds 5100 4637