PDS means distribution of essential commodities to a large number of people through a network of FPS on a recurring basis. The commodities are:
PDS evolved as a major instrument of the Government’s economic policy for ensuring availability of foodgrains to the public at affordable prices as well as for enhancing the food security for the poor. It is an important constituent of the strategy for poverty eradication and is intended to serve as a safety net for the poor whose number is more than 330 million and are nutritionally at risk. PDS with a network of about 4.78 lakh Fair Price Shops (FPS) is perhaps the largest distribution network of its type in the world.
PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the Central and the State Governments. The Central Government has taken the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of foodgrains, etc. The responsibility for distributing the same to the consumers through the network of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) rests with the State Governments. The operational responsibilities including allocation within the State, identification of families below poverty line, issue of ration cards, supervision and monitoring the functioning of FPSs rest with the State Governments.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY): In order to make the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) more focused and targeted towards the poorest of the poor BPL families, the Govt. of India launched the Antyodaya Anna Yojana. 35 kg of rice per month is issued at highly subsidized rate of Rs. 3/- per kg to the identified families from April 2002. There are 31111 identified beneficiaries under the scheme.
Annapurna Scheme: Under this scheme, 10 kg of rice is distributed free of cost to the old indigent citizens of 65 years of age and above who are not getting benefit under Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme. There are 7178 beneficiaries under this scheme.Antuday Annapurna BPL APL Grain Bank Sukhad